From Jan. 16, 1967 New York Times Article.
(Victim of Chain-Store Baking, Dugan-s Awaits Auction Block)
Birth of an Era
The name Dugan first appeared on the sides of a cart pushed by 20-year-old David H. Dugan, the founder. He pushed it across cobblestone roads and dusty rutted lanes in Brooklyn selling his bread and cakes. A year later, in 1879, he was joined by his brother, Edward. They opened a store and hung a sign, "Home Baking" that heralded the birth of an era, when fresh bread, rolls and cakes were delivered to home six days a week.
Business boomed and profits went into expansions, including a horse and wagon. David H. Dugan Jr., the successor president when the company was sold in 1962, and now retired, recalled recently that many of the horses had begun to know the routes so well that the driver could work out of the back of his wagon. The horse moved along without guidance, stopping at the right house. At crossroads and at the end of the routes, the delivery man would hop aboard up front and drive the horse and wagon back to the bakery.
Walter J, Nicholson, self-described as a holdover from the old Dugan's days, reminisced on the company in its heyday when you would see these now silent streets crowded with men and women working different shifts in one of the world's biggest bakeries.
Our 700 horses averaged about 20 miles a day and served about 10,000 customers. By the early nineteen-thirties, the last or the horses went to pasture and the trucks took over pushing the routes far and deep into New York, especially Long Island, suburban New Jersey, parts of Pennsylvania, much of Connecticut and bits of Massachusetts.